What has changed, instead, is the relative share adopting different ways of living in early adulthood, with the decline of romantic coupling pushing living at home to the top of a much less uniform list of living arrangements.Among young adults, living arrangements differ significantly by gender.A variety of factors contribute to the long-run increase in the share of young adults living with their parents.
It’s worth noting that the overall share of young adults living with their parents was not at a record high in 2014.
This arrangement peaked around 1940, when about 35% of the nation’s 18- to 34-year-olds lived with mom and/or dad (compared with 32% in 2014).
In addition, trends in both employment status and wages have likely contributed to the growing share of young adults who are living in the home of their parent(s), and this is especially true of young men.
Employed young men are much less likely to live at home than young men without a job, and employment among young men has fallen significantly in recent decades.
For their part, young women are on the cusp of crossing over this threshold: They are still more likely to be living with a spouse or romantic partner (35%) than they are to be living with their parent(s) (29%).
In 2014, more young women (16%) than young men (13%) were heading up a household without a spouse or partner.This type of arrangement peaked around 1960, when 62% of the nation’s 18- to 34-year-olds were living with a spouse or partner in their own household, and only one-in-five were living with their parents.By 2014, 31.6% of young adults were living with a spouse or partner in their own household, below the share living in the home of their parent(s) (32.1%).The share of young men with jobs peaked around 1960 at 84%.In 2014, only 71% of 18- to 34-year-old men were employed.This turn of events is fueled primarily by the dramatic drop in the share of young Americans who are choosing to settle down romantically before age 35.