This scholarly consensus holds that the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke were composed, independently of one another, sometime in the 80s or 90s.Both used a written form of the Gospel of Mark as source material for their own narratives.
Peter and Paul likely perished during the persecution of the church in Rome by Nero.
The deaths of these important church leaders likely encouraged the writing down of narratives about Jesus.
Although Bibles place Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John before the letters of Paul, in reality they were written after.
This position however, requires a liberal view of Biblical inerrancy. Wright holds firmly to the historical authenticity of the death and resurrection of Jesus, stating that, of the whole Bible, this is the story with the most overwhelming historical evidence.
In addition, because both Matthew and Luke contain a large amount of material in common that is not found in Mark, most researchers hold that both Evangelists also had a collection of Jesus’ sayings that they incorporated into their works.
This saying source is known as “Q” and was likely assembled in the 40s or 50s.
This slide graphically presents some important first-century dates and events, including the writing of and relationships among the Gospels.
Most researchers place the date of Jesus’ death at Passover time around the year 30.
The earliest New Testament books, the letters written by Paul, were composed in the decade of the 50s.